Genetics

Researchers Identify Liver Fibrosis-Causing Protein

An international team of scientists has identified a long-sought protein that causes liver fibrosis (scarring), paving the way for new treatments. The research was published in the journal Nature Genetics. Stages of liver disease. Image credit: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The team, led by Professor …

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Tea Tree Genome Sequenced

A multi-institutional team of researchers from China and the United States has sequenced the genome of the cultivated tea tree (Camellia sinensis). A tea tree plantation in Kerala, India. Image credit: Rajib Ghosh. Socially and habitually consumed by more than 3 billion people across 160 countries, tea is the world’s …

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DNA Study Sheds Light on Evolution of Dog Breeds

Genetic material from 161 modern breeds helped a team of researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) of the National Institutes of Health assemble the most comprehensive evolutionary tree of dogs. The results are published in the journal Cell Reports. Representatives from each of the 23 clades of …

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Geneticists Identify New Extreme Longevity Variants

An international team of researchers from the United States and Italy has identified new genetic variants associated with extreme survival and reduced risks for cardiovascular and Alzheimer’s diseases. Schematic of the analyses conducted to discover longevity associated variants (LAV), LAV with significant joint effect on extreme longevity (jLAV), and LAV …

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Researchers Sequence Barley Genome

The International Barley Genome Sequencing Consortium, which is led by Dr. Nils Stein of the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Germany, has mapped the entire genome of barley (Hordeum vulgare), the world’s fourth most important cereal crop after wheat, rice and maize. The research appears in …

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Scientists Use CRISPR-Cas9 to Create Red-Eyed Mutant Wasps

Genetic scientists from the University of California, Riverside, and the W.M. Keck Science Department of Claremont McKenna, Pitzer and Scripps Colleges, have managed to create a strain of red-eyed mutant wasps. Red-eyed Nasonia vitripennis. Image credit: Li et al, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-00990-3. The red-eyed wasps were created to prove that CRISPR …

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