Genetics

Koala Genome Sequenced

The Koala Genome Consortium, a research group that includes 54 scientists from 29 different institutions across seven countries, has produced the first high-quality genomic sequence for the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus), a tree-dwelling Australian marsupial that is one of the world’s most fascinating and iconic mammals. Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus). Image credit: …

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Critical Immunity-Related Gene Identified

A team of researchers at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia, has identified an ancient gene that plays a key role in regulating the human body’s immune response to infection and disease. The discovery, published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, could have intriguing implications for antiviral …

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Researchers Hunting for Environmental DNA in Loch Ness

An international research team led by University of Otago’s Professor Neil Gemmell is using the latest DNA technologies to compile a census of life in Loch Ness, a large freshwater lake best known for sightings of the long-necked ‘monster.’ Loch Ness. Image credit: Gregory J. Kingsley. “There have been more …

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Mitochondrial DNA of 22,000-Year-Old Giant Panda Reveals Long-Lost Lineage

A research team led by scientists at the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, has analyzed mitochondrial DNA isolated from a 22,000-year-old panda specimen found in southern China and found that the ancient bear separated from present-day giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) around 183,000 years ago, suggesting …

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Ancient DNA Study Reveals Prehistory of Southeast Asia

The first whole-genome analysis of ancient human DNA from Southeast Asia, defined as the area east of India and south of China, identifies at least three major waves of human migration into the region over the last 50,000 years, each shaping the genetics of Southeast Asia ‘to a remarkable extent.’ …

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